Naypyidaw - the capital of Myanmar

Naypyidaw is the capital of Myanmar and the third largest city of Myanmar after Yangon and Mandalay. In 2011, Naypyidaw is one of the ten fastest growing cities in the world.


Naypyidaw has only a short history, was set up in a bushland about three kilometers (1.9 mi) west of Pyinmana, and approximately 320 kilometers (200 mi) north of Yangon, and began to be built in 2002. The military government has hired at least 25 companies to build the city. The military administration began transferring government ministries from Yangon to Naypyidaw on November 6, 2005, at the zodiacal time calculated by astrologers at 6:37 am. Five days later, 11 am on 11 November, a second convoy of 1,100 military trucks carrying eleven battalions and 11 of them departed from Yangon. It is expected that relocated units will start operating at the new headquarters by the end of February 2006; However, the rush has led to the lack of schools and other amenities so government officials have been away from home for some time. The government initially banned the families of government employees moving to the new capital. The military headquarters are located in a separate area with ministries, and civilians are banned in both areas. Vendors are limited to a mall near government offices.

On March 27, 2006, over 12,000 soldiers marched in the new capital at the first public event: a grand military parade to mark the day of the armed forces of Myanmar, the anniversary of the insurgency Myanmar in 1945 against the occupation of Japan. The parade includes all three sculptures depicting Myanmar kings Anawrahta, Bayinnaung and Alaungpaya, considered the three most important kings in the history of Myanmar. The city was officially named Naypyidaw during these commemorations.

The reason for moving the capital

Naypyidaw is more central and strategic than the old capital of Yangon. It is also a transportation hub adjacent to the Shan states, Kayah and Kayin. It has also been suggested that a stronger presence of the military and nearby government could help stabilize chaotic areas for years. The official explanation for the relocation was that Yangon had become too crowded and crowded, limiting the future expansion of government offices.

Some Western diplomats speculate that the Burmese government may be concerned about the possibility of being attacked by foreigners, while Yangon is close to the coast and is therefore easily compromised by an amphibious invasion. Many of the Burmese think that warnings about foreign attacks have been reported by a astrologer to ruling military officials. Indian journalist Siddharth Varadarajan, who visited Naypyidaw in January 2007, described the vastness of the new capital as a protection against "regime change" and "a masterpiece of urban planning designed to defeat any "supposed" color shifting - not by far and by artillery fire, but by geometry and maps. "


Naypyidaw is located between the Bago Yoma and Shan Yoma mountains. The city has an area of ​​7,054.37 sq mi (2,723.71 sq mi) and has a population of 924,608 according to official statistics.

Chaungmagyi Dam is located a few kilometers to the north of Naypyidaw, while the Ngalaik Dam lies a few kilometers to the south. The Yezin Dam lies farther northeast.

Urban landscape

The residential areas are carefully organized, and the apartments are allocated according to grade and marital status. In 2007, the city had about 1,200 four-story condominiums. Roofs of apartment buildings are color-coded according to the occupation of the residents; Ministry of Health staffs live in blue roofed houses and MARD employees live in green roofs. Senior officials live in the villas. However, many residents of the city have to live in slums. Nawpyidaw is organized into several subdivisions. By 2011, the city still lacks the infrastructure of a capital.

Senior military officials and key officials live 11 kilometers (6.8 mi) away from ordinary officials in a compound believed to be composed of tunnels and bunkers; The public has limited access to this area. The city also has a military base, citizens or other individuals can’t access this place without written permission. Inside the military area, eight-lane roads allow small aircraft to land.

The department of the city is headquartered by ministries in the government of Myanmar. All buildings are identical in appearance. A consortium of 31 buildings and a 100-seat presidential palace are also located here. The area also has a town hall, which features many Stalinist architectural features, but with a Burmese-style roof.

The hotel features a group of villa-style hotels on the outskirts of the city. Myoma Naypyitaw is now the commercial center of Naypyidaw. Other commercial areas are Thapye Chaung Market and Naypyidaw Junction Center. Junction Center Naypyidaw, built by Shwe Taung Development Company and completed in August 2009, Junction Center is the city's first private shopping mall. Naypyidaw also has several local markets and restaurants. Ngalaik Lake Park is a small water park located along the Ngalaik Dam, near the village of Kyweshin on Lake Ngalaik (approximately 7 miles from the Naypyidaw center). Opened in 2008, Ngalaik Lake Park facilities include water slides, nature resorts, rental halls and an artificial beach. The park is open to the public at Thingyan.

Also opened in 2008, the 200-acre National Botanical Garden (0.81 km2) displays medicinal plants from all major areas in Myanmar. There are thousands of trees in the park, representing hundreds of different species.

Behind the town hall, there is a park with a playground and a fountain complex, where water music is performed each night.

The Naypyidaw Zoo opened in 2008 with about 420 species of animals and a closed-season bird house controlled by temperature. It is also the largest zoo in Myanmar. Naypyidaw Wildlife Sanctuary opened on February 12, 2011.

Naypyidaw also has two golf courses (Nay Pyi Taw City Golf Course and Yaypyar Golf Course) and a gem museum

Similar to the size and shape of the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon, Uppatasanti Temple was completed in 2009.

The government has allocated two hectares (4.9 acres) of land to each foreign embassy and headquarters of United Nations agencies.

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